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Version: 22.2.0

Page class

Page provides methods to interact with a single tab or extension background page in the browser.


One Browser instance might have multiple Page instances.


export declare abstract class Page extends EventEmitter<PageEvents>

Extends: EventEmitter<PageEvents>


The constructor for this class is marked as internal. Third-party code should not call the constructor directly or create subclasses that extend the Page class.

Example 1

This example creates a page, navigates it to a URL, and then saves a screenshot:

import puppeteer from 'puppeteer';

(async () => {
const browser = await puppeteer.launch();
const page = await browser.newPage();
await page.goto('');
await page.screenshot({path: 'screenshot.png'});
await browser.close();

The Page class extends from Puppeteer's EventEmitter class and will emit various events which are documented in the PageEvent enum.

Example 2

This example logs a message for a single page load event:

page.once('load', () => console.log('Page loaded!'));

To unsubscribe from events use the method:

function logRequest(interceptedRequest) {
console.log('A request was made:', interceptedRequest.url());
page.on('request', logRequest);
// Sometime later...'request', logRequest);


accessibilityreadonlyAccessibilityThe Accessibility class provides methods for inspecting the browser's accessibility tree. The accessibility tree is used by assistive technology such as screen readers or switches.
coveragereadonlyCoverageThe Coverage class provides methods to gather information about parts of JavaScript and CSS that were used by the page.
keyboardreadonlyKeyboardKeyboard provides an api for managing a virtual keyboard. The high level api is Keyboard.type(), which takes raw characters and generates proper keydown, keypress/input, and keyup events on your page.
mousereadonlyMouseThe Mouse class operates in main-frame CSS pixels relative to the top-left corner of the viewport.
touchscreenreadonlyTouchscreenThe Touchscreen class exposes touchscreen events.
tracingreadonlyTracingThe Tracing class exposes the tracing audit interface.


$(selector)Runs document.querySelector within the page. If no element matches the selector, the return value resolves to null.
$$(selector)The method runs document.querySelectorAll within the page. If no elements match the selector, the return value resolves to [].
$$eval(selector, pageFunction, args)This method runs Array.from(document.querySelectorAll(selector)) within the page and passes the result as the first argument to the pageFunction.
$eval(selector, pageFunction, args)This method runs document.querySelector within the page and passes the result as the first argument to the pageFunction.
addScriptTag(options)Adds a <script> tag into the page with the desired URL or content.

Adds a <link rel="stylesheet"> tag into the page with the desired URL or a <style type="text/css"> tag with the content.

Shortcut for page.mainFrame().addStyleTag(options).

authenticate(credentials)Provide credentials for HTTP authentication.
bringToFront()Brings page to front (activates tab).
browser()Get the browser the page belongs to.
browserContext()Get the browser context that the page belongs to.
click(selector, options)This method fetches an element with selector, scrolls it into view if needed, and then uses Page.mouse to click in the center of the element. If there's no element matching selector, the method throws an error.
content()The full HTML contents of the page, including the DOCTYPE.
cookies(urls)If no URLs are specified, this method returns cookies for the current page URL. If URLs are specified, only cookies for those URLs are returned.
createCDPSession()Creates a Chrome Devtools Protocol session attached to the page.
createPDFStream(options)Generates a PDF of the page with the print CSS media type.

Emulates a given device's metrics and user agent.

To aid emulation, Puppeteer provides a list of known devices that can be via KnownDevices.

emulateCPUThrottling(factor)Enables CPU throttling to emulate slow CPUs.
emulateIdleState(overrides)Emulates the idle state. If no arguments set, clears idle state emulation.

This does not affect WebSockets and WebRTC PeerConnections (see To set the page offline, you can use Page.setOfflineMode().

A list of predefined network conditions can be used by importing PredefinedNetworkConditions.

emulateVisionDeficiency(type)Simulates the given vision deficiency on the page.
evaluate(pageFunction, args)

Evaluates a function in the page's context and returns the result.

If the function passed to page.evaluate returns a Promise, the function will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

evaluateHandle(pageFunction, args)
evaluateOnNewDocument(pageFunction, args)

Adds a function which would be invoked in one of the following scenarios:

- whenever the page is navigated

- whenever the child frame is attached or navigated. In this case, the function is invoked in the context of the newly attached frame.

The function is invoked after the document was created but before any of its scripts were run. This is useful to amend the JavaScript environment, e.g. to seed Math.random.

exposeFunction(name, pptrFunction)

The method adds a function called name on the page's window object. When called, the function executes puppeteerFunction in node.js and returns a Promise which resolves to the return value of puppeteerFunction.

If the puppeteerFunction returns a Promise, it will be awaited.


Functions installed via page.exposeFunction survive navigations.


focus(selector)This method fetches an element with selector and focuses it. If there's no element matching selector, the method throws an error.
frames()An array of all frames attached to the page.
getDefaultTimeout()Maximum time in milliseconds.
goBack(options)This method navigate to the previous page in history.
goForward(options)This method navigate to the next page in history.
goto(url, options)Navigates the page to the given url.
hover(selector)This method fetches an element with selector, scrolls it into view if needed, and then uses Page.mouse to hover over the center of the element. If there's no element matching selector, the method throws an error.
isClosed()Indicates that the page has been closed.
isDragInterceptionEnabled()true if drag events are being intercepted, false otherwise.
isJavaScriptEnabled()true if the page has JavaScript enabled, false otherwise.
isServiceWorkerBypassed()true if the service worker are being bypassed, false otherwise.
locator(selector)Creates a locator for the provided selector. See Locator for details and supported actions.
locator(func)Creates a locator for the provided function. See Locator for details and supported actions.
mainFrame()The page's main frame.
metrics()Object containing metrics as key/value pairs.
pdf(options)Generates a PDF of the page with the print CSS media type.
queryObjects(prototypeHandle)This method iterates the JavaScript heap and finds all objects with the given prototype.
reload(options)Reloads the page.
removeExposedFunction(name)The method removes a previously added function via $Page.exposeFunction() called name from the page's window object.
removeScriptToEvaluateOnNewDocument(identifier)Removes script that injected into page by Page.evaluateOnNewDocument.
screencast(options)Captures a screencast of this page.
screenshot(options)Captures a screenshot of this page.
select(selector, values)Triggers a change and input event once all the provided options have been selected. If there's no <select> element matching selector, the method throws an error.
setBypassCSP(enabled)Toggles bypassing page's Content-Security-Policy.
setBypassServiceWorker(bypass)Toggles ignoring of service worker for each request.
setCacheEnabled(enabled)Toggles ignoring cache for each request based on the enabled state. By default, caching is enabled.
setContent(html, options)Set the content of the page.

This setting will change the default maximum navigation time for the following methods and related shortcuts:

- page.goBack(options)

- page.goForward(options)

- page.goto(url,options)

- page.reload(options)

- page.setContent(html,options)

- page.waitForNavigation(options)


The extra HTTP headers will be sent with every request the page initiates.


All HTTP header names are lowercased. (HTTP headers are case-insensitive, so this shouldn’t impact your server code.)



page.setExtraHTTPHeaders does not guarantee the order of headers in the outgoing requests.


setGeolocation(options)Sets the page's geolocation.

Sets the network connection to offline.

It does not change the parameters used in Page.emulateNetworkConditions()


Activating request interception enables HTTPRequest.abort(), HTTPRequest.continue() and HTTPRequest.respond() methods. This provides the capability to modify network requests that are made by a page.

Once request interception is enabled, every request will stall unless it's continued, responded or aborted; or completed using the browser cache.

See the Request interception guide for more details.

setUserAgent(userAgent, userAgentMetadata)

page.setViewport will resize the page. A lot of websites don't expect phones to change size, so you should set the viewport before navigating to the page.

In the case of multiple pages in a single browser, each page can have its own viewport size.

tap(selector)This method fetches an element with selector, scrolls it into view if needed, and then uses Page.touchscreen to tap in the center of the element. If there's no element matching selector, the method throws an error.
target()A target this page was created from.
title()The page's title
type(selector, text, options)

Sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text.

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use

url()The page's URL.

Returns the current page viewport settings without checking the actual page viewport.

This is either the viewport set with the previous Page.setViewport() call or the default viewport set via BrowserConnectOptions.defaultViewport.


This method is typically coupled with an action that triggers a device request from an api such as WebBluetooth.


This must be called before the device request is made. It will not return a currently active device prompt.



This method is typically coupled with an action that triggers file choosing.


This must be called before the file chooser is launched. It will not return a currently active file chooser.


waitForFrame(urlOrPredicate, options)Waits for a frame matching the given conditions to appear.
waitForFunction(pageFunction, options, args)Waits for the provided function, pageFunction, to return a truthy value when evaluated in the page's context.
waitForNavigation(options)Waits for the page to navigate to a new URL or to reload. It is useful when you run code that will indirectly cause the page to navigate.
waitForNetworkIdle(options)Waits for the network to be idle.
waitForRequest(urlOrPredicate, options)
waitForResponse(urlOrPredicate, options)
waitForSelector(selector, options)Wait for the selector to appear in page. If at the moment of calling the method the selector already exists, the method will return immediately. If the selector doesn't appear after the timeout milliseconds of waiting, the function will throw.
workers()All of the dedicated WebWorkers associated with the page.