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JSHandle class

Represents a reference to a JavaScript object. Instances can be created using Page.evaluateHandle().

Handles prevent the referenced JavaScript object from being garbage-collected unless the handle is purposely disposed. JSHandles are auto-disposed when their associated frame is navigated away or the parent context gets destroyed.

Handles can be used as arguments for any evaluation function such as Page.$eval(), Page.evaluate(), and Page.evaluateHandle(). They are resolved to their referenced object.


export declare abstract class JSHandle<T = unknown>


The constructor for this class is marked as internal. Third-party code should not call the constructor directly or create subclasses that extend the JSHandle class.


const windowHandle = await page.evaluateHandle(() => window);


_optionalTUsed for nominally typing JSHandle.
move() => this


asElement()Either null or the handle itself if the handle is an instance of ElementHandle.
dispose()Releases the object referenced by the handle for garbage collection.
evaluate(pageFunction, args)Evaluates the given function with the current handle as its first argument.
evaluateHandle(pageFunction, args)Evaluates the given function with the current handle as its first argument.
getProperties()Gets a map of handles representing the properties of the current handle.
getProperty(propertyName)Fetches a single property from the referenced object.
jsonValue()A vanilla object representing the serializable portions of the referenced object.
remoteObject()Provides access to the Protocol.Runtime.RemoteObject backing this handle.
toString()Returns a string representation of the JSHandle.