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Version: 22.13.0

Running Puppeteer in the browser

Puppeteer is a powerful tool for automating browsers, but did you know it can also run within a browser itself? This enables you to leverage Puppeteer's capabilities for tasks that don't require Node.js specific features.

Supported Features

While running in the browser, Puppeteer offers a variety of functionalities including:

  1. WebSocket Connections: Establish connections to existing browser instances using WebSockets. Launching or downloading browsers directly is not supported as it relies on Node.js APIs.
  2. Script Evaluation: Execute JavaScript code within the browser context.
  3. Document Manipulation: Generate PDFs and screenshots of the current web page.
  4. Page Management: Create, close, and navigate between different web pages.
  5. Cookie Handling: Inspect, modify, and manage cookies within the browser.
  6. Network Control: Monitor and intercept network requests made by the browser.

How to run Puppeteer in the browser

To run Puppeteer in the browser, first you need to produce a browser-compatible build using a bundler such as rollup or webpack:

  1. When importing Puppeteer use the browser-specific entrypoint from puppeteer-core puppeteer-core/lib/esm/puppeteer/puppeteer-core-browser.js':
import puppeteer from 'puppeteer-core/lib/esm/puppeteer/puppeteer-core-browser.js';

const browser = await puppeteer.connect({
browserWSEndpoint: wsUrl,

alert('Browser has ' + (await browser.pages()).length + ' pages');

  1. Build your app using a bundler. For example, the following configuration can be used with rollup:
import {nodeResolve} from '@rollup/plugin-node-resolve';

export default {
input: 'main.mjs',
output: {
format: 'esm',
dir: 'out',
plugins: [
// Indicate that we target a browser environment.
browser: true,
// Exclude any dependencies except for puppeteer-core.
// `npm install puppeteer-core` # To install puppeteer-core if needed.
resolveOnly: ['puppeteer-core'],

Do not forget to include a valid browser WebSocket endpoint when connecting to an instance.

  1. Include the produced bundle into a web page.