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Version: 22.13.1

Chrome Extensions

Puppeteer can be used for testing Chrome Extensions.

caution

Extensions are not available in chrome-headless-shell (headless: 'shell'), also known as the old headless mode.

The following is code for getting a handle to the background page of an extension whose source is located in ./my-extension:

import puppeteer from 'puppeteer';
import path from 'path';

const pathToExtension = path.join(process.cwd(), 'my-extension');
const browser = await puppeteer.launch({
args: [
`--disable-extensions-except=${pathToExtension}`,
`--load-extension=${pathToExtension}`,
],
});
const backgroundPageTarget = await browser.waitForTarget(
target => target.type() === 'background_page'
);
const backgroundPage = await backgroundPageTarget.page();
// Test the background page as you would any other page.
await browser.close();
note

Chrome Manifest V3 extensions have a background ServiceWorker of type 'service_worker', instead of a page of type 'background_page'.

import puppeteer from 'puppeteer';
import path from 'path';

const pathToExtension = path.join(process.cwd(), 'my-extension');
const browser = await puppeteer.launch({
args: [
`--disable-extensions-except=${pathToExtension}`,
`--load-extension=${pathToExtension}`,
],
});

const workerTarget = await browser.waitForTarget(
// Assumes that there is only one service worker created by the extension and its URL ends with background.js.
target =>
target.type() === 'service_worker' && target.url().endsWith('background.js')
);

const worker = await workerTarget.worker();

// Open a popup (available for Canary channels).
await worker.evaluate('chrome.action.openPopup();');

const popupTarget = await browser.waitForTarget(
// Assumes that there is only one page with the URL ending with popup.html and that is the popup created by the extension.
target => target.type() === 'page' && target.url().endsWith('popup.html')
);

const popupPage = popupTarget.asPage();

// Test the popup page as you would any other page.

await browser.close();
note

It is not yet possible to test extension content scripts.